Naked Security Naked Security

Concern mounts at Indian ID scheme as portals ‘leak’ 100m people’s details

India's controversial Aadhaar biometrics ID card scheme is increasingly needed for everything from travel to banking, yet worries are growing about the security of the data held on citizens

The details of more than 100m Indians’ Aadhaar ID cards have leaked from four government portals, according to a report from the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS).

Based on the numbers available on the websites looked at, [the] estimated number of Aadhaar numbers leaked through these four portals could be around 130-135 million

If you’re not familiar with the Aadhaar numbers, we’ve previously reported on the history of and concerns surrounding this biometric ID card. Now a fundamental part of Indian society, anyone that has not signed up faces being denied access to many government and private-sector services and schemes.

As the government presses on with intertwining the card into everyday life, concerns about the security of the vast amounts of personal data being stored and the potential for its misuse by cyber-criminals continue to mount.

The disclosures came as part of a report entitled Information Security Practices of Aadhaar (or lack thereof): A Documentation of Public Availability of Aadhaar Numbers with Sensitive Personal Financial Information, which focuses on just four of India’s numerous government portals:

  • The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP): which provides supports unemployed, elderly, sick and disabled citizens.
  • The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) scheme: which provides households in rural areas at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment each year.
  • The Chandranna Bima Scheme, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh: which provides relief to families if a worker is disabled or killed.
  • Daily Online Payment Reports of NREGA, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh: which tracks progress and payments under the NREGA scheme.

But it’s not just the ID numbers that the report is worried about; it also claims that the leaks contain “personally identifiable information of beneficiaries or subjects of the leaked databases”, putting the estimated number of bank accounts leaked at around 100m.

I followed the report’s suggestion that people are highlighting the leakages of Aadhaar numbers on Twitter under the hashtag #AadhaarLeaks. I didn’t find many examples, but here’s one from @rayshr:

The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), which issues the Aadhaar numbers, claims that there have been no leaks, according to The Times of India. The paper also quotes one official as saying something rather different

While Aadhaar numbers are available, the biometric information is not … The leaked databases do not pose a real threat … because the Aadhaar number cannot be misused without biometrics.

And another that another official as saying that the “Aadhaar number is not confidential just as bank account number which is mentioned in cheque books and shared with lot of people”.

With virtually the entire Indian population now enrolled in the Aadhaar program:

And many day-to-day public and private services now entwined:

It seems that, despite the official line, Aadhaar numbers are getting out into the public domain.

The question has to be whether the personally identifiable information that is being published alongside them is enough for fraudsters to steal someone’s identity. I haven’t yet seen any reports of fraud being committed on the back of a stolen Aadhaar number. Only time will tell.

While this new, controversial ID system beds itself in, the world will be watching closely to see where the cracks in security are, how fraudsters take advantage and how the government reacts to plug any holes. We’ll certainly be keeping a close eye on developments.

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